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August 24, 2016 | Author: admin
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A shaman in traditional costume from Altai, Siberia.

An international team of researchers concluded that genetic birthplace of the first Americans is Altai. This relatively small mountainous region which lies in the south of Siberia, between Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, for thousands of years served as a kind of natural incubator for new peoples. Approximately 25 thousand years ago, from there apparently, came the ancestors of the Indians (as well as probably the Chukchi, Koryak and others), settled on the Siberia, and eventually reached to America.

In Y-chromosome of the southern Altaians researchers found unique mutations present in the DNA of Native Americans and known as haplogroup Q. Analysis of the mitochondrial gave similar results. "We found certain forms of haplogroups C and D in the southern Altai and haplogroup D - from the north, which look like the ancestors of the genetic types, which have arisen in North America - said the study's lead author, Theodore Schurr from the University of Pennsylvania (USA). - In general, compared with the southern Altaians, northern Altaians are in the more distant relationship with the Native Americans."

According to Mail Online: “Roughly 20-25,000 years ago, these prehistoric humans carried their Asian genetic lineages up into the far reaches of Siberia and eventually across the then-exposed Bering land mass into the Americas. A study of the mutations indicated a lineage shift between 13,000 and 14,000 years ago - when people are thought to have walked across the ice from Russia to America.

Dr Schurr's team checked Altai DNA samples for markers in mitochondrial DNA which is always passed on by mothers, and Y chromosome DNA which sons inherit from their fathers.

Because of the large number of gene markers examined, the findings have a high degree of precision”.

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A native American girl from the Dakota people, North America. The beginning of the 20th century.

Read more: "Native Americans actually came from a tiny mountain region in Siberia, DNA research reveals" by Rob Waugh